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KNOW YOUR VISA TYPE

Schengen zone

21st December 2007 Poland joined the Schengen zone - area without internal border controls, which currently consists of 26 countries: Austria, Belgium, Hungary, Germany, Greece, Denmark, Iceland, Spain, Italy, Latvia, Liechtenstein, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malta, Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Slovakia, Slovenia, Finland, France, Czech Republic, Switzerland, Sweden and Estonia.

These countries have adopted common principles of entry and short-term stay in their territories.

To enter the Schengen zone, third-country nationals must have a valid travel document or passport, and a valid visa, if required. They also must complete the following requirements:

  • To justify the purpose and conditions of the planned visit, to have sufficient funds for covering the expenses of the planned visit and the return to the country of origin or transit to a third country in which the person has a guaranteed entry to, or to be able to legally obtain the above-mentioned amount;
  • Cannot be included in the list of persons whose entry has been denied;
  • Persons, who disturb public order, security or the international relations of one of the parties to the agreement, cannot be considered.

What type of visa to get?

Schengen Visa

If you are planning to stay in Poland territory or in the territory of all Schengen countries for up to 90 days (for one or more entries) for a period of 180 days, counted from the date of the first entry, or travel throughout the Schengen area to transit (train, car, airplane), you should apply for a Schengen visa С.

A Single Schengen visa (valid in the territory of the Schengen countries) gives the right to stay in the territory of all Schengen countries.

A Schengen visa with limited territorial validity (valid only in Poland or in the territory of the Schengen zone, but with the exception of one or more Schengen countries) gives the right to stay in the territory of one or few but not all Schengen countries.

National visa D

If you plan to stay in the territory of Poland in general more than 90 days (up to a minimum of 91 days, for one or more entries) for 180 days, counting from the date of the first entry, you must apply for a national visa D.

National visa D gives the right to:

  • stay in the territory of Poland during the period of stay and the period of validity of the visa;
  • move in the territory of other Schengen countries, up to 90 days within a period of further 180 days;

How long can you stay in the territory of Poland/Schengen countries having visa C and D?

Foreign nationals may stay in the territory of Poland (national visa D) or in the territory of the Schengen countries (Schengen visa) the time period that is specified in the visa ("duration of stay"/"czas pobytu) labeled with numbers) during the period of validity of the visa (the visa is valid till"/"wiza ważna do ...", designated date).

The deadline for departure from Poland/Schengen - the last day of validity of the visa (the visa is valid till "/" wiza ważna do ... ") no matter how many days out of the period of stay"/"czasu pobytu" was used by visa holder.

Important!

AGREEMENT between Ukraine and the European Community on the facilitation of the issuance of visas to citizens of Ukraine and the European Union.

VISA IS NOT REQUIRED FOR THE FOLLOWING CATEGORIES OF UKRAINIANS:

  • Holders of valid diplomatic and service passports travelling to Poland with official purpose

Legality of your stay within the Schengen area may be checked at any moment of your stay there (including at border crossing). The reference period of 180 days within which the foreigner can spend for up to 90 days in the Schengen area will be looked at backwards from each day of the stay (i.e. the calculation of stay will be done within 180 days preceding each day of stay).

When planning your future trip please follow these steps:

  1. Look the reference period of 180 days (not 6 months!) from each day of your stay in the Schengen area backwards.
  2. Calculate the summarized duration of previous stays (according to entrance/exit stamps in your passport(s) for each 180-days period.
  3. Check whether these summarized durations do not exceed 90 in each 180-days period. If exceed, you have to change your trip plans and check again.

The European Commission puts at your disposal a calculation tool on the following link:

http://ec.europa.eu/dgs/home-affairs/what-we-do/policies/borders-and-visas/border-crossing/index_en.htm

LOCAL BORDER AREA TRAFFIC

Consulate General of Poland in Lviv information on the rules that apply to the Local Border Area Traffic.

Driven by the desire to develop relations of strategic partnership and deepening the Polish-Ukrainian cooperation, towards a mutual facilitation of border crossing for border residents, the Polish Government and the Cabinet of Ministers of Ukraine on 28 March 2008 have signed an agreement on local border traffic.

Poland and Ukraine, for the purposes of the Agreement, have adopted the following definitions:

Small border traffic - regular crossing of the common border of the Contracting Parties by the State border residents of a Contracting Party to stay in the border area of the other Contracting Party due to social, cultural or family and for legitimate economic reasons which, according to the internal rules of the other Contracting Parties shall not be considered as gainful employment, for a period not exceeding the time limits laid down in the Agreement.

Border area - an area subdivision of a State Contracting Parties, reaching no farther than 30 kilometers from the common border; if part of such a unit is located at a distance between 30 and 50 km from the border line, it shall be considered part of the border area.

Permits to cross the border under the local border traffic – a document entitling the holder to multiple crossings of the common border State Contracting Parties in the framework of local border traffic, the conditions laid down in the agreement.

Border residents - people with documented permanent residence in the border area for a period of not less than 3 years.

In accordance with Article 3 of the Agreement, border residents may cross the border between the Poland and Ukraine, in the context of local border traffic, the following conditions: provide a valid permit; they are not persons for whom an alert for the purposes of refusing entry in the Schengen Information System (SIS); are not considered to pose a threat to public order, internal security, public health or international relations Polish or Ukrainian, nor any of the Member States of the European Union, and in particular not made against them, on the same basis, alert for the purposes of refusing entry in national databases of the Member States of the European Union.

Such a permit may be issued to border residents who: have a valid travel document authorizing them to cross the state border; documents proving the fact of having habitual residence in the border area for a period of not less than three years, and the existence of legitimate reasons to frequently cross the Polish border and Ukraine in the framework of local border traffic; they are not persons for whom an alert for the purposes of refusing entry in the Schengen Information System (SIS); are not considered to pose a threat to public order, internal security, public health or international relations Polish or Ukrainian, nor any of the Member States of the European Union, and in particular not made against them, on the same basis, alert for the purposes of refusing entry in national databases of the Member States of the European Union.

Evidence of formal habitual residence in the border area on the territory of Ukraine are: ID card of citizen of Ukraine; certificate of domicile issued by the competent authorities of Ukraine.

The first permit is issued inhabitant of the border area for the period of validity of two years, but not longer than the period of validity of the travel document. While further permits are issued for a period of validity of five years, but not longer than the period of validity of the travel document, provided that the applicant has used the previous authorization under the agreement.

The competent authorities shall issue authorizations as soon as possible, but no later than 60 calendar days from the date of receipt of the application along with the required supporting documents. In exceptional cases, this period may be extended to 90 calendar days.

Permit to cross the border under the local border traffic issued by an authorized body of the Republic of Poland, Consul. Respectively, Ukrainian citizens living within the consular district of Lviv – consul in Lviv, whereas for residents of the district of Luck - Consul in Lutsk.

In case of violation of the local border traffic, Poland and Ukraine provide for the application of penalties laid down in their internal regulations.

In case of loss, damage or destruction of a permit, holder of the Permit is obliged to notify the state border protection authority who issued the permit on the issue.

Border residents may cross the border between Poland and Ukraine through the crossing points designed for international passenger traffic as well as for local border traffic. Border authorities control all such persons at border crossing points in accordance with its internal rules, without stamping permits and travel documents on entry and exit.

Border residents crossing a border between Poland and Ukraine shall have a document evidencing a contract of health insurance (insurance policy, certificate) that guarantees medical care facility in emergencies and accidents and transport costs. Such a document should be valid for the entire period of stay in the territory of another State, not less than 14 days, and should confirm the amount of the guarantee sum insured in the amount of at least 20 000 euros.