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KNOW YOUR VISA TYPE

Schengen zone

21 December 2007 Poland joined the Schengen zone - area without internal border controls, which currently consists of 26 countries: Austria, Belgium, Hungary, Germany, Greece, Denmark, Iceland, Spain, Italy, Latvia, Liechtenstein, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malta, Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Slovakia, Slovenia, Finland, France, Czech Republic, Switzerland, Sweden and Estonia.

These countries have adopted common principles of entry and short-term stay in their territories.

To enter the Schengen zone, third-country nationals must have a valid travel document or passport, and a valid visa, if required. They also must complete the following requirements:

  • To justify the purpose and conditions of the planned visit, to have sufficient funds for covering the expenses of the planned visit and the return to the country of origin or transit to a third country in which the person has a guaranteed entry to, or to be able to legally obtain the above-mentioned amount;
  • Cannot be included in the list of persons whose entry has been denied;
  • Persons, who disturb public order, security or the international relations of one of the parties to the agreement, cannot be considered.

Changes in the practices of Schengen on April 5, 2010

What type of visa to get?

If you are planning to stay in Poland territory or in the territory of all Schengen countries for up to 90 days (for one or more entries) for a period of six months, counted from the date of the first entry, or travel throughout the Schengen area to transit (train, car, airplane), you should apply for a Schengen visa С.

A Single Schengen visa (valid in the territory of the Schengen countries) gives the right to stay in the territory of all Schengen countries.

National visa D

If you plan to stay in the territory of Poland in general more than 90 days (up to a minimum of 91 days, for one or more entries) for half a year, counting from the date of the first entry, you must apply for a national visa D.

National visa D gives the right to:

  • stay in the territory of Poland during the period of stay and the period of validity of the visa;
  • move in the territory of other Schengen countries, up to 3 months within a half-year;

Airport transit visa:

If you plan to travel by plane to a third state and the air travel provides a landing at the airport located in territory of the Schengen country (RP), as well as:

  1. You are not planning to leave the international transit area of the airport and
  2. if you are a citizen of: Afghanistan, Bangladesh, the Democratic Republic of the Congo, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Ghana, Iran, Iraq, Nigeria, Pakistan, the Sudan and Sri Lanka, than you must apply for an airport transit visa A.

In the case of planned transit through the airport located in the territory of another country, please consult the Schengen zone directly to the consular office of that country to get an airport visa.

Airport transit visa A gives you the right to enter and stay in the international transit area of the Airport (does not give the right to enter the territory of the Schengen countries and to leave the international transit area of the airport)

How long can you stay in the territory of Poland/Schengen countries having visa C and D?

Foreign nationals may stay in the territory of Poland (national visa D) or in the territory of the Schengen countries (Schengen visa) the time period that is specified in the visa ("duration of stay"/"czas pobytu) labeled with numbers) during the period of validity of the visa (the visa is valid till"/"wiza ważna do ...", designated date).

The deadline for departure from Poland/Schengen - the last day of validity of the visa (the visa is valid till "/" wiza ważna do ... ") no matter how many days out of the period of stay"/"czasu pobytu" was used by visa holder.

Important!

AGREEMENT between the Russian Federation and the European Community on the facilitation of the issuance of visas to citizens of the Russian Federation and the European Union.

VISA IS NOT REQUIRED FOR THE FOLLOWING CATEGORIES OF PEOPLE THE RUSSIAN FEDERATION:

  • having a temporary residence permission or a residence permission in the territory of Poland or other Schengen State, enter, stay and leave the territory of Poland on the basis of valid documents proving the identity, permissions for stay or temporary stay;
  • members of Russian civil aviation aircraft when there are entries in the General Declaration and the flight setting;
  • members of civilian maritime vessels when there are entries in the crew list for temporary shore leave while the ship is in the port.
  • crews and aircraft maintenance staff involved in emergency and rescue flights;
  • air transport passengers having transit flights through the territory of Poland and having the documents for entry into the country of destination and airline ticket with a confirmed date of departure from the airport transfer in Poland within 24 hours since arrival. These individuals have no right to leave the airport, except with the permission of the competent border authorities;
  • Holders of diplomatic passports, excluding the work.

Legality of your stay within the Schengen area may be checked at any moment of your stay there (including at border crossing). The reference period of 180 days within which the foreigner can spend for up to 90 days in the Schengen area will be looked at backwards from each day of the stay (i.e. the calculation of stay will be done within 180 days preceding each day of stay).

When planning your future trip please follow these steps:

  1. Look the reference period of 180 days (not 6 months!) from each day of your stay in the Schengen area backwards.
  2. Calculate the summarized duration of previous stays (according to entrance/exit stamps in your passport(s) for each 180-days period.
  3. Check whether these summarized durations do not exceed 90 in each 180-days period. If exceed, you have to change your trip plans and check again.

The European Commission puts at your disposal a calculation tool on the following link:

http://ec.europa.eu/dgs/home-affairs/what-we-do/policies/borders-and-visas/border-crossing/index_en.htmM

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